Nous demandons Sa protection contre la cessation de tout cela. Ibn Al-Qayyem Jawziyah SOUL "Ar-Rooh" Everything concerning the souls of the living and the dead, drawn from the Book and the Tradition Praise be to Allah who is qualified by the perfection and munificence, who knows what existed, what exists and what will exist, who decreed death to all creatures by equalizing the king and slave, rich and the poor, the noble and the base, the subject and the rebellious inhabitants of the heavens and the earth; who will judge people fairly in the hereafter, which collects the soul of the one who populated the lower world, adorned the buildings and lives down world that is not the eternal abode of the living; which also collects the soul of the one who deploys its efforts to reform its future life taking down the world to a sea where the ships sail of his good works. What difference is there between the output of the souls of these two individuals? One will be in Paradise to move about and then come back to retire to lanterns hung on the throne and live in pleasure and well-being, on the other, it will be confined to suffer the punishment of Hell. I testify that there is no god but Allah, the One and has no partner.
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The knowledge required for our welfare in this world and the Hereafter has been conveyed to us by the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam , and there is no need to seek any goodness beyond that. The Soul is a creation of Allah, whose function is to bring life to the human body. It remains with the human body throughout the life and departs at death. After which the souls are either held in Paradise or punishment. There is no returning back of the souls of the righteous people from Paradise, and no escaping of the souls of evildoers from the punishment of the grave.
Therefore, pious or evil, the souls do not return to this world, neither to take revenge nor to assist the living. At that time Damascus was a centre of literature and thought. Many schools were located there and he studied and graduated under the protection, direction and sponsorship of his father. He was particularly influenced by his Shaykh and teacher Imam Ibn Taymiyyah, and also by Ibn ash-Shirazi amongst others. This book is available from different publishers in Arabic Only and English Only.
Kitab ar-Rouh de ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah
Ar-Ruh Ibn Al-Qayyim