This article narrates the life of nampAduvAn an ardent devotee of thirukkuRungudi nambi emperum An and his conversation with a brahma rAkshasa a brAhmaNa who was born as a rAkshasa due to the mistakes he committed while performing yAgams in his previous birth on an EkAdhasi night. Long ago, the earth became submerged in the "praLaya jalam" causal ocean. At that time, bhUmi pirAtti feeling grieved for the suffering souls who are residing in the earth and wondering how they will be uplifted, asks emperum An to show an easy path for her their children and emperumAn says"if they glorify me, they will be uplifted from this samsAram" and explains the life of nampAduvAn to demonstrate the means of "nAma sankIrthanam" singing the glories of emperum An. The charithram is explained by bhagavAn as shown here: emperum An is mercifully present in the dhivya dhEsam named thirukkuRungudi along with srI dhEvi and b hU dhEvi who are his primary consorts. In the outskirts of that dhivya dhEsam, there lived a great devotee of emperumAn, who was born in a chaNdALa dog-eater - who are outside the varNa system family. Every night, he approaches the sannidhi of emperumAn along with his vINA veeNai is a string instrument , stays at the proximity allowed for him in sAsthram, sings songs glorifying emperum An with melodious tunes in his vINA and returns to his residence before the residents of the dhivya dhEsam wake up.
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Previously, by your mercy, you described to me the history of the Ganga River, the benefits of worshiping Vishnu, the giving of grains in charity, the giving of water in charity, and the magnanimity of drinking water that has been used to wash the feet of the brahmanas. O best of sages, Sri Gurudeva, now, with great enthusiasm, I desire to hear of the benefits of fasting on Ekadasi and of the appearance of Ekadasi.
When did Ekadasi take birth and from whom did she appear? What are the rules of fasting on the day of Ekadasi? Please describe the benefits of following this vow and when it should be followed.
Who is the utmost worshipable presiding deity of Sri Ekadasi? What are the faults in not observing Ekadasi properly? Please bestow your mercy upon me and tell about these subjects, as you are the only personality able to do so. The results of following Ekadasi can be perfectly described by the Supreme Lord, Narayana, because Sri Narayana is the only personality capable of describing them in full.
But I will give a very brief description in answer to your question. Simultaneously, for the purpose of punishing the evil human beings, He created a personality whose form was the embodiment of the worst kinds of sin Papa-purusha. The different limbs of this personality were constructed of various sinful activities. In this way, a horrible personality embodying all sinful activities and vices was created. His bodily color is black, and his eyes are yellow.
He inflicts extreme misery upon sinful persons. I am their master because I have created this personality of sin, who gives distress to all dishonest, deceitful and sinful persons. At this time Sri Bhagavan created the personality of Yamaraja and the different hellish planetary systems. Those living entities who are very sinful will be sent after death to Yamaraja, who will in turn, according to their sins, send them to an appropritate hellish region to suffer.
When Yamaraja saw that Lord Vishnu had arrived, he immediately washed His feet and made an offering unto Him. He then had Him sit upon a golden throne. The Supreme Lord Vishnu became seated upon the throne, whereupon He heard very loud crying sounds from the southern direction. The different living entities of the earthly planetary systems have fallen to the hellish regions.
They are suffering extremely for their misdeeds. The horrible crying is because of suffering from the inflictions of their past bad actions. When the inhabitants saw who had come they began to cry even louder. The heart of the Supreme Lord Vishnu became filled with compassion. After the merciful Supreme Lord thought over what He had previously considered, He suddenly manifested from His own form the deity of the lunar day Ekadasi.
Afterward, the different sinful living entities began to follow the vow of Ekadasi and were then elevated quickly to the abode of Vaikuntha. O my child Jaimini, therefore the lunar day of Ekadasi is the selfsame form of the Supreme Lord, Vishnu, and the Supersoul within the heart of the living entities. Sri Ekadasi is the utmost pious activity and is situated as the head among all vows. What boon is it that you want? But now, by the influence of Sri Ekadasi, I have become all but destroyed.
O Prabhu! After I die all of Your parts and parcels who have accepted material bodies will become liberated and return to the abode of Vaikuntha the spiritual domain. If this liberation of all living entities takes place, then who will carry on Your activities? There will be no one to enact the pastimes in the earthly planetary systems! O Keshava! If you want these eternal pastimes to carry on, then You please save me from the fear of Ekadasi. No type of pious activity can bind me. But Ekadasi only, being Your own manifested form, can impede me.
Out of fear of Sri Ekadasi I have fled and taken shelter of men; animals; insects; hills; trees; moving and non-moving living entities; rivers; oceans; forests; heavenly, earthly and hellish planetary systems; demigods; and the Gandharvas. I cannot find a place where I can be free from the fear of Sri Ekadasi.
O my Master! I am a product of Your creation, so therefore very mercifully direct me to a place where I can reside fearlessly. On the date of Sri Ekadasi, which is the benefactor of the three planetary systems, you can take shelter of foodstuffs in the form of grains. There is no reason to worry about this any more, because My form as Sri Ekadasi will no longer impede you.
According to the instructions of Lord Vishnu, every kind of sinful activity that can be found in the material world takes its residence in this place of grains foodstuff. Whoever follows Ekadasi is freed from all sins and never enters into the hellish regions. For every mouthful of grain that is eaten by a resident of the earthly region on Ekadasi , one receives the effect of killing millions of brahmanas. It is definitely necessary that one give up eating grains on Ekadasi.
From this the perfection of varna and ashrama will be attained. Especially since if one even by trickery follows Ekadasi, all his sins become destroyed and he very easily attains the supreme goal, the abode of Vaikuntha. The significance of Kaisika Ekadasi arises out of Kaisikapuranam consisting of 82 slokas, which is a story told by Sri Varaha Perumal to Bhoodevi.
The story told by Emperuman to Bhoodevi is as under: On every Kaisika Ekadasi day, Nampaduvan, an ardent devotee of the Lord used to do Namasankeerthanam for Emperuman at Thirukurungudi.
One year while on the way to Thirukurungudi, Nampaduvan was confronted by a Rakshas. This Rakshas told Nampaaduvaan that he is going to eat him. But Nampaduvan humbly said that he has to finish his duty of nama sankeerthanam and he will finish that and then come back to the Rakshas for whatever he wanted to do with him. Though initially the Rakshas did not agree, later he let Nampaduvan go.
And Nampaduvan, after doing Namasankeerthanam, came back and surrendered himself to the Rakshas. Impressed by this honesty the Rakshas requested Nampaduvan to give the fruits of his Nama Sankeerthanam to the Rakshas so that he can get rid of his Rakshasa Janma and attain Heaven.
Nampaduvan agreed to give the Rakshas the fruits of Namasankeerthanam as requested. Because of this, Emperuman told Bhudevi that the Rakshas attained the Heaven.
After many thousands of years, on the Kaisika Dwadasi day Sri Parasara Bhattar who lived about yrs ago chanted the Kaisika Puranam before Lord Ranganatha and the Lord was immensely pleased.
Though similar rendition is done in every temple on Kaisika Dwadasi Day, it is always a special day in the Temple at Thirukkurungudi where only the whole incident of Nampaduvan took place. This Puranam is the 48th chapter in Sri Varaha Puranam.
The Story and Significance of KAISIKA EKADASI
Previously, by your mercy, you described to me the history of the Ganga River, the benefits of worshiping Vishnu, the giving of grains in charity, the giving of water in charity, and the magnanimity of drinking water that has been used to wash the feet of the brahmanas. O best of sages, Sri Gurudeva, now, with great enthusiasm, I desire to hear of the benefits of fasting on Ekadasi and of the appearance of Ekadasi. When did Ekadasi take birth and from whom did she appear? What are the rules of fasting on the day of Ekadasi?
Kaisika Ekadesi and the most advanced devotee Nampaaduvaan……
Parasara Bhattar, son of KoorathAzhvaan, took the story of a complex Kaisika Puranam in Sanskrit and created the vyakyaanam, in Tamil, in a simple, easily understandable language that was hitherto non existent. Kaisika Puranam Story Kaisika Puranam revolves around Nambaduvan, a low caste person belonging to the Baanar family, his unflinching faith in Lord Nambi and how he was instrumental in liberating a Rakshasha from a curse and helping him attaining Vaikunta Moksham. Every night, he would walk several miles to the Thiru Kurungudi Nambi temple, and for hours together would stand in front of the temple with a Veena in his hand and sing praise of Lord Nambi. And before dawn, he would leave the temple.