LETTER TO MENOECEUS PDF

Virtues What to read to know his philosophy? Lucretius is a good source. Several translations are even in the public domain. Any book to compare epicurean philosophy with modern philosophy? Can you recommend any books or articles that give a good introduction?

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It is to this last letter that we are interested in now. Indeed, it is, for one, neither too early nor too late, when it comes to ensuring the health of his soul. Besides, whoever said that the time to philosophize is not yet come, or that time is past, like the one that says, in the case of happiness, that his time has not yet come or that it is not.

So the young man should, like the old man, philosophize in this way, the second, while aging, rejuvenate the past thanks to the property, because he will devote their gratitude, and the first will be at the same time young and far advanced in years, because he will not fear the future. So be what produces happiness the object of his care, as it is true that, when present, we have everything and that when he is absent, we do everything for it.

Accustom thyself also in the thought that death is nothing for us, since every good and evil lie in sensation and that death is deprivation of sensation. Thus, the most terrifying of evils, death is nothing for us, precisely because, when we exist, death is not present and, when death is present, then we do not exist.

It is neither for the living nor for those who died, precisely because it is not for the former and the latter are not. Epicurus formulates his ethical philosophy as an ascetic life of pleasure and virtuous. Happiness is the greatest good, says Epicurus following Aristotle.

And happiness, is the maximization of pleasure. Whether all pleasures are good sources, Epicurus distinguishes the dynamic pleasures eating and static pleasures satiety , which are recommended by the pleasures Epicurus.

Pleasure is a state of static equilibrium between the satisfaction of desire and the birth of new desires, frustrations and pain. Similarly, Epicurus distinguishes the physical pleasures of psychological pleasures. This relates to physical pleasures, which must be reduced to a minimum satisfaction. The future, and its corollary fear of the future is what keeps the soul to reach equilibrium at ataraxia. As for desire, Epicurus says that the wise must eliminate up and go to the desires easily accessible.

These desires, as seeking fame or fortune, must be eliminated because their satisfaction is unknown. On virtue, Epicurus developed a unique compared to other Greek philosophers : his home, the virtues are only a means to achieve happiness, and not an end in itself. Finally, Epicurus seeks to resolve the issue of metaphysical anguish of man, by advocating a philosophy of non-thought of death. Death is annihilation, because the mind is a group of atoms that disperses after death.

If the mind is more, it can not be afraid, death is nothing for us.

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Summary of Epicurus’ Letter to Menoeceus

You should read that post if you would like to familiarize yourself with it in its entirety. If you are unfamiliar with Epicurus, or just want some more information, you can start with his Wikipedia page. It has been broken into topical sections with commentary following each one. Epicurus Letter to Menoeceus with commentary Who Should Study Philosophy Epicurus writes Let no one put off the love and practice of wisdom when young, nor grow tired of it when old. For it is never too early or too late for the health of the soul. Someone who says that the time to love and practice wisdom has not yet come or has passed is like someone who says that the time for happiness has not yet come or has passed.

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It is to this last letter that we are interested in now. Indeed, it is, for one, neither too early nor too late, when it comes to ensuring the health of his soul. Besides, whoever said that the time to philosophize is not yet come, or that time is past, like the one that says, in the case of happiness, that his time has not yet come or that it is not. So the young man should, like the old man, philosophize in this way, the second, while aging, rejuvenate the past thanks to the property, because he will devote their gratitude, and the first will be at the same time young and far advanced in years, because he will not fear the future. So be what produces happiness the object of his care, as it is true that, when present, we have everything and that when he is absent, we do everything for it. Accustom thyself also in the thought that death is nothing for us, since every good and evil lie in sensation and that death is deprivation of sensation.

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Letter to Menoeceus

Let no one delay the study of philosophy while young nor weary of it when old. He who says either that the time for philosophy has not yet come or that it has passed is like someone who says that the time for happiness has not yet come or that it has passed. Therefore, both young and old must philosophize, the latter so that although old he may stay young in good things owing to gratitude for what has occurred, the former so that although young he too may be like an old man owing to his lack of fear of what is to come. Therefore, one must practise the things which produce happiness, since if that is present we have everything and if it is absent we do everything in order to have it.

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